“The term robotics means the use of a robot to perform various functions. A robot has movable physical structure, a power source, a sensor system, and a computerized ‘brain’ to control activities”. In an effort to make certain we are all aware of my definition of what robotics is in medicine, I define a robotic technique as a mechanical device controlled using a computer system through computer control or human intervention. The most common use of robotics is in surgery specifically, the most common is in Orthopedic and Urologic surgery. Robotics in surgery is not a new technology but the technology is always evolving. In my opinion, the important advantage of robotic a system is, that it is minimally invasive however, robotic systems are very expensive and there is a perceived steep learning curve for the surgeon.
The use of Robotics in surgery still requires the expertise of the surgeon, but the instruments used by robotics may improve the control and the precision of the surgeon. “Patients with robotic surgery have smaller incisions, shorter hospital stays, and normally faster recovery time. This reduces costs for the patient and gives the patient the ability to return to their normal activities in a much shorter time span”.
Just imagine, at one time robots were considered science fiction, what we watched on television or read about, but the future is here and we need to embrace it. The partnership between engineers and clinicians including all healthcare workers will be critical as we include robotic technology into clinical practice from the lab to the bedside. I hope is that medical robotics in the next decade will be the norm in many aspects of medicine particularly, in patient care. In addition, it is my hope that this technology will also aid in improving quality of care and reducing the shortages recognized in healthcare; thus, in caring for the patient.